Content Detail

Long-leaved lungwort is a clumping perennial that is often planted in groups to form a ground cover. This plant has spotted leaves that are attractive long after the spring flowers are gone. 

  • Family (English) Borage
  • Family (botanic) Boraginaceae
  • Tree or plant type Ground cover, Perennial
  • Native locale Non-native
  • Size range Small plant (6-12 inches)
  • Light exposure Partial sun / shade (4-6 hrs light daily), Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily)
  • Hardiness zones Zone 4, Zone 5 (Northern Illinois), Zone 6 (City of Chicago), Zone 7, Zone 8, Zone 9
  • Soil preference Moist, well-drained soil
  • Season of interest mid spring, late spring, early summer, midsummer, late summer
  • Flower color and fragrance Blue
  • Shape or form Mounded
  • Growth rate Moderate

Size and Method of spreading:

Long-leaved lungwort grows about 12 inches high and 18 to 24 inches wide. It is often used as a clump-forming ground cover. Clump-forming ground covers are plants that are not usually thought of as ground covers. They are perennials that can be planted closely together to provide the visual effect of a ground cover.

Native geographic location and habitat:

This plant is native to Europe.

Leaf description:

This plant has both basal and stems leaves, with the stems leaves being alternate. This species of Pulmonaria has longer leaves than other species, up to 9 to 12 inches long. The leaves are narrow and dark green with white spots, giving the plant ornamental appeal throughout the season.

Flower description:

The small blue flowers are borne in tight clusters in mid to late spring.

Fruit description:

The small, dry fruits are not ornamentally important.

Plant care:

Long-leaved lungwort needs shady conditions and moist soils for best growth. Plants grown in dry conditions often don’t look good.

List of pests, diseases, and tolerances:

Slugs can be a problem for this plant. Leaf spots and crown rot can occur if the plant is in a wet site, but it is resistant to deer and tolerant of black walnut toxicity.

Bertram Anderson long-leaved lungwort (Pulmonaria longifolia ‘Bertram Anderson’):  

Flowers on this cultivar are a deeper blue and leaves are silver-spotted.

Diana Clare long-leaved lungwort (Pulmonaria longifolia ‘Diana Clare’):

Deep, violet-blue flowers bloom on this cultivar. Foliage starts out spotted but matures to almost completely silver.


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