Content Detail

Golden weeping willow is named for its brilliant yellow twigs and graceful, drooping form. Like all willows, this cultivar is very tolerant of wet sites. It is highly susceptible to storm damage.

  • Family (English) Willow
  • Family (botanic) Salicaceae
  • Planting site Residential and parks
  • Tree or plant type Tree
  • Foliage Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
  • Native locale Non-native
  • Size range Large tree (more than 40 feet)
  • Mature height 75-100 feet
  • Mature width 50-100 feet
  • Light exposure Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun / shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
  • Hardiness zones Zone 2, Zone 3, Zone 4, Zone 5 (Northern Illinois), Zone 6 (City of Chicago), Zone 7, Zone 8
  • Soil preference Moist, well-drained soil, Wet soil
  • Tolerances Alkaline soil, clay soil, Occasional flooding, Road salt, Wet sites
  • Season of interest late winter, early spring, early fall, mid fall
  • Flower color and fragrance Inconspicuous
  • Shape or form Weeping
  • Growth rate Fast
  • Transplants well Yes
  • Planting considerations Highly susceptible to ice damage, Roots prone to invading sewer pipes, Weak wood and branch structure
  • Wildlife Birds, Insect pollinators
  • Has cultivars Yes

Size and Form:

Golden weeping willow is an upright willow that gets 50 to 75 feet tall and wide.

Native geographic location and habitat:

It is native to central and southern Europe, western Siberia, and central Asia.

Attracts birds, pollinators, or wildlife:

This shrub attracts birds and insect pollinators.

Bark color and texture:

It has brown to yellow-brown bark that is corky and furrowed.

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture:

Leaves are alternate, 1 to 4 inches long, slender, lanceolate, and finely toothed. They are bright green to dark green and change to yellow in the fall. Willows are one of the first plants to leaf out in spring.

Flower arrangement size and shape:

This is a dioecious species. The tree has male and female flowers born in upright catkins. Only the male flowers are showy and are insect pollinated.

Fruit, cone, nut and seed descriptions:

It has fruits that are two-valved capsules.

Plant care:

Golden weeping willow grows best in full sun to partial shade and in moist or wet areas. Provide with supplemental water in dry periods. This tree will benefit with a layer of mulch to moderate soil temperature and conserve moisture. It is pH adaptable. Prune it in the summer to late fall. This tree has a shallow root system.

List of pests and diseases:

Golden weeping willow is susceptible to ice and windstorm damage. There are numerous insects and disease problems including cankers, powdery mildew, leaf spots, willow leaf beetle, and scale insects.


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