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Giant arborvitae is a dense, stately evergreen tree native to the Pacific Northwest, often used as a specimen or for screening. The fresh green foliage consists of flat sprays formed by overlapping scales. The name “arborvitae,” meaning “tree of life,” comes from the belief that Native Americans used such trees for medicinal purposes. The tree supplies seeds and shelter for birds but is less appealing to deer. In nature, giant arborvitae can reach 70 feet in height, but they rarely are that tall in cultivation. There are many cultivars that vary in height and other characteristics. On some varieties, the foliage changes color in winter. 

  • Family (English) Cypress
  • Family (botanic) Cupressaceae
  • Planting site Residential and parks
  • Tree or plant type Tree, Shrub
  • Foliage Evergreen (foliage year-round)
  • Native locale North America
  • Size range Compact tree (10-15 feet), Large shrub (more than 8 feet), Large tree (more than 40 feet), Medium shrub (5-8 feet), Medium tree (25-40 feet), Small tree (15-25 feet)
  • Mature height 50-70 feet
  • Mature width 15-25 feet
  • Light exposure Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun / shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
  • Hardiness zones Zone 5 (Chicago), Zone 6, Zone 7
  • Soil preference Moist, well-drained soil
  • Tolerances Alkaline soil, Dry sites, Occasional drought, Wet sites
  • Season of interest early fall, early spring, early summer, early winter, late fall, late spring, late summer, late winter, mid fall, mid spring, midsummer, midwinter
  • Flower color and fragrance Inconspicuous
  • Shape or form Narrow, Pyramidal, Round, Upright
  • Growth rate Slow
  • Transplants well Yes
  • Wildlife Birds, Browsers, Cavity-nesting birds, Small mammals
  • Has cultivars Yes

Native geographic location and habitat:

It is native to forests of the Pacific Northwest of North America. In nature, it’s found on slopes, along stream banks, and in swampy areas.

Bark color and texture:

Giant arborvitae bark is grayish-brown to reddish-brown, with stringy fibers and a network of ridges and shallow furrows. 

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture:

It has flat, horizontal spreading sprays of scale-like evergreen leaves that are soft green.

Flower arrangement size and shape:

There are inconspicuous, separate male and female flowers.

Cone description:

Giant arborvitae has tiny oval cones and they mature from green to brown in color.

Attracts birds:

Birds, browsers, cavity-nesting birds, and small mammals use this tree.

Plant care:

Arborvitae foliage often changes color in winter. It is tolerant of alkaline and acid soils. Best grown in full sun to part shade in well-drained, moist to dry soil.

List of pests and diseases:

There aren’t any serious pest problems.  This tree is not favored by deer. It is tolerant of black walnut toxicity.

Deer Proof™ giant arborvitae (Thuja plicata ‘KLMfive’): 

A tall, narrow, pyramidal tree, growing 40 to 50 feet high and 15 to 25 feet wide. It is a medium to fast grower with excellent cold hardiness. It has a loose, narrow habit with dark green horizontal branching foliage that has yellow tips. It is useful as a specimen or hedge or in groupings or screens. Deer do not favor this cultivar.

Excelsa giant arborvitae (Thuja plicata ‘Excelsa’): 

A pyramidal tree, growing 25 to 35 feet high and 10 to 15 feet wide. It has a loose habit with glossy, green horizontal branching foliage that turns yellow-green in winter. It is useful as a specimen, hedge, in groupings, or screens.

Green Giant arborvitae (Thuja ‘Green Giant’):

This is a hybrid of T. plicata and T. standishii’.  It may grow up to 40 feet tall. This cultivar maintains good green color in winter.

Hillier giant arborvitae (Thuja plicata ‘Hillieri’):

This cultivar has a spreading form, growing seven to 10 feet high and wide. The tree’s blue-green foliage turns bronze-brown in winter. It is useful as a specimen or for hedges, groupings, and screens.

Spring Grove® giant arborvitae (Thuja plicata ‘Grovepli’):

This tree is 25 feet high by eight feet wide. It is considered deer resistant.

Virescens giant arborvitae  (Thuja plicata ‘Virescens’): 

A narrow, pyramidal small tree growing 20 to 30 feet high and 10 to 20 feet wide. The foliage is glossy and bright green year-round. It is useful as specimen or for hedges in formal and semi-formal plantings, groupings, and screens.

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