Doublefile viburnum or Japanese snowball viburnum produces 2 to 3 inch wide showy, snowball-type clusters of white flowers in spring. A dense, upright, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub with somewhat horizontal branching that grows 8 to 12 feet high. Dark green leaves are strongly-veined, toothed, and have pleated upper surfaces. Leaves turn a burgundy-red to purplish red in fall. Although this shrub is well-suited for the Midwestern landscape it can occasionally be killed to the ground in winter.
This profile page also covers Viburnum plicatum var. tomentosum. The difference is V. plicatum var. plicatum flowers are snowball-type flower clusters and bloom two to three weeks later than V. plicatum var tomentosum, which has a ring of large, sterile flowers surrounding a large center of small, fertile flowers.
- Family (English) Elderberry
- Family (botanic) Adoxaceae
- Tree or plant type Shrub
- Foliage Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Native locale Non-native
- Size range Medium shrub (5-8 feet), Large shrub (more than 8 feet)
- Light exposure Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun / shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Hardiness zones Zone 5 (Northern Illinois), Zone 6 (City of Chicago), Zone 7
- Soil preference Moist, well-drained soil
- Tolerances Alkaline soil, Occasional drought
- Season of interest mid spring, late spring, early fall, mid fall
- Flower color and fragrance White
- Shape or form Multi-stemmed, Round, Upright
- Growth rate Moderate