The bright red persistent fruits of common winterberry glow in the winter landscape. This deciduous species of holly, native to the eastern US and Canada, is a dense, multi-branched shrub. The summer foliage is glossy dark green turning yellow in fall. An excellent choice for wet sites, naturalized areas or in the shrub border. Both male and female plants are needed for fruit.
This species is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm’s Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research.
- Family (English) Holly
- Family (botanic) Aquifoliaceae
- Tree or plant type Shrub
- Native locale Chicago area, Illinois, North America
- Size range Large shrub (more than 8 feet), Medium shrub (5-8 feet), Small shrub (3-5 feet)
- Light exposure Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun / shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Hardiness zones Zone 3, Zone 4, Zone 5 (Chicago), Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8, Zone 9
- Soil preference Acid soil, Moist, well-drained soil, Wet soil
- Tolerances Alkaline soil, Occasional flooding, Road salt, Wet sites
- Season of interest early fall, early winter, late fall, mid fall, midwinter
- Flower color and fragrance Inconspicuous
- Shape or form Multi-stemmed, Round, Thicket-forming, Upright
- Growth rate Moderate, Slow