A large deciduous shrub or small, 20-foot-high, understory tree often forming a dense colony. Slender twigs form an oval to rounded crown. Clusters of drooping white flowers are followed by dark purple fruit. Native throughout most of the United States but difficult to find in the nursery trade. Susceptible to many insect and disease problems.
This species is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm’s Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research.
- Family (English) Rose
- Family (botanic) Rosaceae
- Tree or plant type Tree, Shrub
- Native locale Chicago area, Illinois, North America
- Size range Compact tree (10-15 feet), Large shrub (more than 8 feet), Small tree (15-25 feet)
- Light exposure Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily), Partial sun / shade (4-6 hrs light daily)
- Hardiness zones Zone 2, Zone 3, Zone 4, Zone 5 (Chicago), Zone 6
- Soil preference Alkaline soil, Dry soil
- Tolerances Alkaline soil, Clay soil, Dry sites
- Season of interest early fall, mid spring
- Flower color and fragrance Fragrant, White
- Shape or form Irregular, Oval, Round, Thicket-forming
- Growth rate Moderate