Content Detail

Balkan pine is not well known, but has potential to be an attractive landscape plant in residential yards. This tree may be difficult to find in local nurseries.

  • Family (English) Pine
  • Family (botanic) Pinaceae
  • Planting site Residential and parks
  • Tree or plant type Tree
  • Foliage Evergreen (foliage year-round)
  • Native locale Non-native
  • Size range Large tree (more than 40 feet), Medium tree (25-40 feet)
  • Mature height 30-60 feet
  • Mature width 20-25 feet
  • Light exposure Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
  • Hardiness zones Zone 4, Zone 5 (Chicago), Zone 6, Zone 7
  • Soil preference Acid soil, Moist, well-drained soil
  • Tolerances Alkaline soil, Occasional drought
  • Season of interest early fall, early spring, early summer, early winter, late fall, late spring, late summer, late winter, mid fall, mid spring, midsummer, midwinter
  • Flower color and fragrance Inconspicuous
  • Shape or form Narrow, Pyramidal
  • Growth rate Slow
  • Transplants well Yes
  • Planting considerations May be difficult to find in nurseries
  • Has cultivars Yes

Native geographic location and habitat: 

This pine is native to the Balkans.

Bark color and texture: 

The bark is gray-brown, becoming scaly with age.

Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture: 

The evergreen needles are held in bundles of 5 and are 3 to 4 inches long.

Flower arrangement, shape, and size: 

The trees are monoecious, with separate male and female flowers. The flowers are not ornamentally important.

Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions: 

The woody cones are 3-6 inches long.

Plant care: 

This pine does best in full sun. It is relatively tolerant of most soils as long as it is well-drained. It is somewhat tolerant of salt and it is slow growing.

List of pests, diseases, and tolerances: 

This tree is susceptible to a number of diseases, including Diplodia tip blight,  needle casts and pine wilt. It is also susceptible to a number of pests, including pine sawfly, pine needle scale and Zimmerman pine moth.

Pacific Blue Balkan pine (Pinus peuce ‘Pacific Blue’): 

This cultivar has blue needles and a more upright habit than the species.

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