Content Detail

Austrian pine is susceptible to a number of disease and insect problems. These include Diplodia (Sphaeropsis) tip blight, pine wilt nematode (a fatal pest) and Zimmerman pine moth. Austrian pine is not recommended for planting anywhere in the Midwest. This species is native to Europe, but was introduced into American landscapes and was widely used for many decades. It is no longer recommended because of its susceptibility to insect and disease problems.

To find suitable replacements for this tree, go to The Morton Arboretum’s tree and plant finder. Before purchasing or planting, be sure to check for any local or state guidelines, and ensure that this plant is suitable for its habitat by reviewing planting considerations or by finding it in the USDA Plants Database.

  • Family (English) Pine
  • Family (botanic) Pinaceae
  • Tree or plant type Tree
  • Foliage Evergreen (foliage year-round)
  • Native locale Non-native
  • Size range Large tree (more than 40 feet)
  • Mature height 50-60 feet
  • Mature width 20-40 feet
  • Light exposure Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
  • Hardiness zones Zone 3, Zone 4, Zone 5 (Northern Illinois), Zone 6 (City of Chicago), Zone 7
  • Soil preference Dry soil
  • Tolerances Alkaline soil, clay soil, Dry sites, Occasional drought
  • Season of interest early winter, midwinter, late winter, early spring, mid spring, late spring, early summer, midsummer, late summer, early fall, mid fall, late fall
  • Flower color and fragrance Inconspicuous
  • Shape or form Pyramidal
  • Growth rate Moderate
  • Transplants well No
  • Has cultivars Yes

More Information

Size and Method of Spreading

Austrian pine can grow 50 to 60 feet tall and 20 to 40 feet wide.

Native Geographic Location and Habitat

Austrian pine is native to Europe.

Bark Color and Texture

The tree has plate-like, furrowed bark that is dark brown to black in color.

Leaf Description

The needles are 3 to 6 inches long and held in bundles of two. They have a stiff texture, toothed margins and a sharp point.

Flower Description

The tree is monoecious. The flower-like structures are not ornamentally important.

Fruit Description

The woody cone is oval, stalkless and about 3 inches long.

Care Knowledge

Plant Care

Planting is not recommended due to the tree’s susceptibility to various disease and insect problems.

Pests, Diseases, and Tolerances

The Austrian pine is susceptible to a number of fungal diseases including lophodermium needle cast, diplodia tip blight (sphaeropsis), and wood rots and decays. Insects such as the European pine sawfly, various weevils, and the Zimmerman pine moth can damage Austrian pine. The tree can also be damaged by the yellow-bellied sapsucker


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